センター試験には良問が多いと言われています。問題が公表され、当然注目も集まりますので、その作成に多くの人が関わり何重にもチェックされます。そんな練りに練られた問題を、単に解いてそれで終わりではもったいない! そんなセンター試験過去問をどこよりも誰よりも詳しく徹底的に解説していきます。1つ1つ丁寧に確認し、真の実力(英語力)を身につけましょう。


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大学入試センター試験英語過去問題解説

2015年(平成27年)センター試験英語第5問「日記と手紙」問4


 スペイン人画家の Salvador には、日本生まれの Chitose という孫がいる。Chitose はかつて、Salvador に絵のレッスンを受けていた。次の文章は、Salvador の日記と、Chitose が彼に宛てた手紙である。文章を読み、下の問いの(  )に入れるのに最も適当なものを、それぞれ下の@〜Cのうちから一つずつ選べ。

Salvador's Diary
March 30, 2012

Our last lesson was disaster. Chitose and I had a huge fight. She arrived at the studio smiling and said, "Look Grandpa, I painted this portrait of you." The man in the portrait had a lot of hair, stood straight, looked young, and smiled. She might be talented enough to attend an art college in France, but she has a big weakness as an artist. When she paints a person, too often she paints an idealized image rather than the real person. I had been explaining this point to her for several months, but she just wouldn't listen. I got a little angry and said to her, "This is not me, and you are not a real artist." She got angry too and said she didn't care because she didn't need me as a teacher anymore. I then showed her the portrait I had painted as her farewell gift and said, "This is the real you!" She took one look at it, said, "No, it isn't!" and left.

I gave the portrait of Chitose to her parents thinking they would appreciate it. I had done the portrait a couple of months before Chitose started changing her style, and I think it shows the high school student I taught for two years. When I painted it, she still had her natural curly hair, not her straight perm. She was not wearing all the accessories she has now, including the ring-shaped earrings she loves. She also never wore makeup then. This was a Chitose with a fantastic future who knew she was still an amateur artist. I understand that she is getting older and wants to act and look more like an adult. However, she seems to think that being an adult means that you stop listening to others. She will never become a great artist if she stops learning.


A Letter to Salvador
March 25, 2013

Dear Grandpa Sal,

I know this is late but I wanted to say that I am sorry for what happened the last time we met. In our last lesson, I didn't listen to you because I thought that you still saw me as a kid. I looked at how you painted me in the portrait and this confirmed my belief. I was so hurt that I just left without talking your gift.

You don't know this, but Mom secretly put the portrait into one of my suitcases when I left home for France. When I found it, I was still upset so I hid it in my closet. I didn't think about the portrait for a while, but I rediscovered it by chance a couple of months ago. Looking at it, I saw a Chitose who was willing to listen in order to improve her art. I realized that the Chitose I'd become was different. She wanted to prove to everyone that she was an adult and had stopped listening to others. Until then, I'd been really struggling in my art classes, but after I realized my weakness, I started learning again and my art got much better. You will always be my teacher, Grandpa.

I remember the portrait I showed you in our last lesson. You didn't like it and told me to paint you as I saw you. What you taught me that day makes sense to me now. I should paint things as they actually are and then their true beauty will shine.

I've painted a portrait of us and am sending you a photo of it. It actually won first prize in my city's young artists competition. As you can see, I've painted myself like you did, as Chitose the high school student with a lot of potential. I've also painted you as I really see you. Your wrinkles are proof of your wisdom. The cane shows your will to overcome your physical challenges. Your bent back shows that you have poured all your strength into what you love the most : your art and me. Thank you, Grandpa.

Love,
Chitose


問4
What is the most likely reason for the improvement in Chitose's art?

@ She learned a lot from entering the competition.
A She started to be open to other people's ideas again.
B She stopped wearing makeup and earrings.
C She tried to influence other adults' opinions.

【解説】
What is the most likely reason for the improvement in Chitose's art?
「チトセの絵が上達した、最もふさわしい理由は何ですか」

@ She learned a lot from entering the competition.
「彼女はコンテストへの参加から多くを学んだ」
本文の A Letter to Salvador
It actually won first prize in my city's young artists competition.
「それは実は町のヤングアーティストコンテストで一等になりました」とありますが、そこから何かを学んだとは書かれてありません。

B She stopped wearing makeup and earrings.
「彼女は化粧やイヤリングをやめた」
本文の Salvador's Diary
She was not wearing all the accessories she has now, including the ring-shaped earrings she loves. She also never wore makeup then.
「彼女は今はつけているイヤリングを含めてアクセサリーをつけていなかった。彼女はその時、化粧もしていなかった」とありますが、これが原因で絵がダメになったとは言われていません。まぁ、Salvador はそのファッションをあまり良く思っていないようですが・・・

C She tried to influence other adults' opinions.
「彼女は他の大人の意見に影響をあたえようとした」
本文の Salvador's Diary
she is getting older and wants to act and look more like an adult.
「彼女は年齢を重ね、より大人のように行動し大人のように見られたかった」
また A Letter to Salvador には
She wanted to prove to everyone that she was an adult
「彼女は大人であることを証明したかった」とあります。が、「大人の意見に影響をあたえようとした」とはありません。

A She started to be open to other people's ideas again.
「彼女は再び他の人たちの考えを受け入れ始めた」
・be open to ~ は「~に解放されている」の意味です。
【例文】The event is open to the public. / そのイベントは一般に公開されている
「~に解放する」ということは「~を受け入れる」ということと同じですね。

これに関しては本文の A Letter to Salvador 色々と書かれあります。
Looking at it, I saw a Chitose who was willing to listen in order to improve her art.
「それ(肖像画)を見て、私は絵を上達するために聞こうとしていたチトセに会いました」
とても詩的な表現で分かりづらいですが、要するに Salvador が描いてくれた肖像画を見て、「昔の自分は絵を上達させるために他人のアドバイスを聞いていたなぁ・・・」と思ったということですね。

She ・・・ had stopped listening to others.
「彼女は他人の言うことを聞くのをやめてしまった」
自分のことを「彼女」と客観的に言っているので少しわかりづらいですが、他人のアドバイスを聞かなくなったことを反省しているようですね。

but after I realized my weakness, I started learning again and my art got much better.
「しかし弱点に気づいた後、私は再び学習し始めました。そして私の絵ははるかによくなりました」
弱点というのは「他人の言うことを聞かない」ということですね。それを直したことで絵がよくなったということですから、この選択肢が正解ですね。

【正解】A

センター試験英語過去問トライアル



第5問「日記と手紙」問5へ進む
第5問「日記と手紙」問3へ戻る
2015年(平成27年)センター試験英語
第1問A「発音」問1
第1問A「発音」問2
第1問A「発音」問3
第1問B「アクセント」問1
第1問B「アクセント」問2
第1問B「アクセント」問3
第1問B「アクセント」問4
第2問A「文法・語彙・語法」問1
第2問A「文法・語彙・語法」問2
第2問A「文法・語彙・語法」問3
第2問A「文法・語彙・語法」問4
第2問A「文法・語彙・語法」問5
第2問A「文法・語彙・語法」問6
第2問A「文法・語彙・語法」問7
第2問A「文法・語彙・語法」問8
第2問A「文法・語彙・語法」問9
第2問A「文法・語彙・語法」問10
第2問B「対話文」問1
第2問B「対話文」問2
第2問B「対話文」問3
第2問C「語句整序」問1
第2問C「語句整序」問2
第2問C「語句整序」問3
第3問A「意味類推」問1
第3問A「意味類推」問2
第3問B「不要文選択」問1
第3問B「不要文選択」問2
第3問B「不要文選択」問3
第3問C「要約」問1
第3問C「要約」問2
第3問C「要約」問3
第4問A「図表読解」問1
第4問A「図表読解」問2
第4問A「図表読解」問3
第4問A「図表読解」問4
第4問B「広告」問1
第4問B「広告」問2
第4問B「広告」問3
第5問「日記と手紙」問1
第5問「日記と手紙」問2
第5問「日記と手紙」問3
第5問「日記と手紙」問4
第5問「日記と手紙」問5
第6問A「長文読解(論説文)」問1
第6問A「長文読解(論説文)」問2
第6問A「長文読解(論説文)」問3
第6問A「長文読解(論説文)」問4
第6問A「長文読解(論説文)」問5
第6問B「長文読解(論説文)」
大学入試センター試験英語解説トップへ

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