センター試験には良問が多いと言われています。問題が公表され、当然注目も集まりますので、その作成に多くの人が関わり何重にもチェックされます。そんな練りに練られた問題を、単に解いてそれで終わりではもったいない! そんなセンター試験過去問をどこよりも誰よりも詳しく徹底的に解説していきます。1つ1つ丁寧に確認し、真の実力(英語力)を身につけましょう。


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大学入試センター試験英語過去問題解説

2015年(平成27年)センター試験英語第5問「日記と手紙」問1


 スペイン人画家の Salvador には、日本生まれの Chitose という孫がいる。Chitose はかつて、Salvador に絵のレッスンを受けていた。次の文章は、Salvador の日記と、Chitose が彼に宛てた手紙である。文章を読み、下の問いの(  )に入れるのに最も適当なものを、それぞれ下の@〜Cのうちから一つずつ選べ。

Salvador's Diary
March 30, 2012

Our last lesson was disaster. Chitose and I had a huge fight. She arrived at the studio smiling and said, "Look Grandpa, I painted this portrait of you." The man in the portrait had a lot of hair, stood straight, looked young, and smiled. She might be talented enough to attend an art college in France, but she has a big weakness as an artist. When she paints a person, too often she paints an idealized image rather than the real person. I had been explaining this point to her for several months, but she just wouldn't listen. I got a little angry and said to her, "This is not me, and you are not a real artist." She got angry too and said she didn't care because she didn't need me as a teacher anymore. I then showed her the portrait I had painted as her farewell gift and said, "This is the real you!" She took one look at it, said, "No, it isn't!" and left.

I gave the portrait of Chitose to her parents thinking they would appreciate it. I had done the portrait a couple of months before Chitose started changing her style, and I think it shows the high school student I taught for two years. When I painted it, she still had her natural curly hair, not her straight perm. She was not wearing all the accessories she has now, including the ring-shaped earrings she loves. She also never wore makeup then. This was a Chitose with a fantastic future who knew she was still an amateur artist. I understand that she is getting older and wants to act and look more like an adult. However, she seems to think that being an adult means that you stop listening to others. She will never become a great artist if she stops learning.


A Letter to Salvador
March 25, 2013

Dear Grandpa Sal,

I know this is late but I wanted to say that I am sorry for what happened the last time we met. In our last lesson, I didn't listen to you because I thought that you still saw me as a kid. I looked at how you painted me in the portrait and this confirmed my belief. I was so hurt that I just left without talking your gift.

You don't know this, but Mom secretly put the portrait into one of my suitcases when I left home for France. When I found it, I was still upset so I hid it in my closet. I didn't think about the portrait for a while, but I rediscovered it by chance a couple of months ago. Looking at it, I saw a Chitose who was willing to listen in order to improve her art. I realized that the Chitose I'd become was different. She wanted to prove to everyone that she was an adult and had stopped listening to others. Until then, I'd been really struggling in my art classes, but after I realized my weakness, I started learning again and my art got much better. You will always be my teacher, Grandpa.

I remember the portrait I showed you in our last lesson. You didn't like it and told me to paint you as I saw you. What you taught me that day makes sense to me now. I should paint things as they actually are and then their true beauty will shine.

I've painted a portrait of us and am sending you a photo of it. It actually won first prize in my city's young artists competition. As you can see, I've painted myself like you did, as Chitose the high school student with a lot of potential. I've also painted you as I really see you. Your wrinkles are proof of your wisdom. The cane shows your will to overcome your physical challenges. Your bent back shows that you have poured all your strength into what you love the most : your art and me. Thank you, Grandpa.

Love,
Chitose

問1
Salvador wanted Chitose to (  ).

@ appreciate things for how they are
A dress more like an artist
B find another art teacher
C paint young-looking people

【解説】
Salvador wanted Chitose to (  ).
SalvadorChitose に(  )してもらいたかった」

まずは選択肢Aから確認してみましょう。
A dress more like an artist / より芸術家の様な服を着る
見た目に関しては Salvador's Diary
she still had her natural curly hair, not her straight perm. She was not wearing all the accessories she has now, including the ring-shaped earrings she loves. She also never wore makeup then.
とありますが、今回の選択肢とは関係がありませんね。当時はストレートパーマをかけておらず、天然のカーリーヘアーで、イヤリングを含めてアクセサリーをつけておらず、化粧もしていなかった・・・というだけの話です。

B find another art teacher / 他の美術の先生を見つける
これに関しては Salvador's Diary
she didn't need me as a teacher anymore.
「彼女はもはや先生として私を必要としなかった」とあります。
ですが、だからといって「他の先生を見つけてほしかった」とは言っていませんね。

C paint young-looking people / 若く見える人を描く
これに関しては Salvador's Diary
The man in the portrait had a lot of hair, stood straight, looked young, and smiled.
「その肖像画の男はたくさんの髪があり、まっすぐ立っていて、若く見え、そして笑っていた」とあります。これは実際よりも「若く見えるように」描いた、ということですね。「若く見える人」のことは書かれてありませんね。

ではいよいよ選択肢@です。
@ appreciate things for how they are
appreciate は「~を評価する・正しく認識する」の意味です。
for how they are の部分が少し難しいでしょうか。how は関係詞で先行詞の the way が省略されている形です。先行詞の the way だけが残り関係詞の how を省略するパターンも良くありますね。そのパターンに書き換えてみると、for the way they are となります。

ところでBilly Joel(ビリー・ジョエル)の名曲の一つに Just the Way You Are があります。邦題は「素顔のままで」となっています。その中でこのような歌詞があります。
I'll take you just the way you are / ただそのままの君を受けいれる
I want you just the way you are / ただそのままの君でいてほしい
I love you just the way you are / ただそのままの君を愛している

way には「道」「方法」という意味がありますが、上記のもので使われるのは「状況・状態」の意味ですね。ということで、appreciate things for how they are は「物事をあるがままにとらえる」と訳せばよいのではないでしょうか。もちろんthey が指しているのは things です。

これに関して本文の Salvador's Diary では
When she paints a person, too often she paints an idealized image rather than the real person.
「彼女は人を描くとき、実際の人よりもより理想的なイメージを描ことがあまりに多い」
また A Letter to Salvador では
You didn't like it and told me to paint you as I saw you.
「あなたはそれが好きではなく、あなたを見えるまま描くよう私に言いました」
とあります。ということでこの選択肢が正解とわかります。

【正解】@

センター試験英語過去問トライアル



第5問「日記と手紙」問2へ進む
第4問B「広告」問3へ戻る
2015年(平成27年)センター試験英語
第1問A「発音」問1
第1問A「発音」問2
第1問A「発音」問3
第1問B「アクセント」問1
第1問B「アクセント」問2
第1問B「アクセント」問3
第1問B「アクセント」問4
第2問A「文法・語彙・語法」問1
第2問A「文法・語彙・語法」問2
第2問A「文法・語彙・語法」問3
第2問A「文法・語彙・語法」問4
第2問A「文法・語彙・語法」問5
第2問A「文法・語彙・語法」問6
第2問A「文法・語彙・語法」問7
第2問A「文法・語彙・語法」問8
第2問A「文法・語彙・語法」問9
第2問A「文法・語彙・語法」問10
第2問B「対話文」問1
第2問B「対話文」問2
第2問B「対話文」問3
第2問C「語句整序」問1
第2問C「語句整序」問2
第2問C「語句整序」問3
第3問A「意味類推」問1
第3問A「意味類推」問2
第3問B「不要文選択」問1
第3問B「不要文選択」問2
第3問B「不要文選択」問3
第3問C「要約」問1
第3問C「要約」問2
第3問C「要約」問3
第4問A「図表読解」問1
第4問A「図表読解」問2
第4問A「図表読解」問3
第4問A「図表読解」問4
第4問B「広告」問1
第4問B「広告」問2
第4問B「広告」問3
第5問「日記と手紙」問1
第5問「日記と手紙」問2
第5問「日記と手紙」問3
第5問「日記と手紙」問4
第5問「日記と手紙」問5
第6問A「長文読解(論説文)」問1
第6問A「長文読解(論説文)」問2
第6問A「長文読解(論説文)」問3
第6問A「長文読解(論説文)」問4
第6問A「長文読解(論説文)」問5
第6問B「長文読解(論説文)」
大学入試センター試験英語解説トップへ

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