センター試験には良問が多いと言われています。問題が公表され、当然注目も集まりますので、その作成に多くの人が関わり何重にもチェックされます。そんな練りに練られた問題を、単に解いてそれで終わりではもったいない! そんなセンター試験過去問をどこよりも誰よりも詳しく徹底的に解説していきます。1つ1つ丁寧に確認し、真の実力(英語力)を身につけましょう。


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大学入試センター試験英語過去問題解説

2014年(平成26年)センター試験英語第5問「日記と手紙」問2


 スペイン人画家の Salvador には、日本生まれの Chitose という孫がいる。Chitose はかつて、Salvador に絵のレッスンを受けていた。次の文章は、Salvador の日記と、Chitose が彼に宛てた手紙である。文章を読み、下の問いの(  )に入れるのに最も適当なものを、それぞれ下の@〜Cのうちから一つずつ選べ。

Salvador's Diary
March 30, 2012

Our last lesson was disaster. Chitose and I had a huge fight. She arrived at the studio smiling and said, "Look Grandpa, I painted this portrait of you." The man in the portrait had a lot of hair, stood straight, looked young, and smiled. She might be talented enough to attend an art college in France, but she has a big weakness as an artist. When she paints a person, too often she paints an idealized image rather than the real person. I had been explaining this point to her for several months, but she just wouldn't listen. I got a little angry and said to her, "This is not me, and you are not a real artist." She got angry too and said she didn't care because she didn't need me as a teacher anymore. I then showed her the portrait I had painted as her farewell gift and said, "This is the real you!" She took one look at it, said, "No, it isn't!" and left.

I gave the portrait of Chitose to her parents thinking they would appreciate it. I had done the portrait a couple of months before Chitose started changing her style, and I think it shows the high school student I taught for two years. When I painted it, she still had her natural curly hair, not her straight perm. She was not wearing all the accessories she has now, including the ring-shaped earrings she loves. She also never wore makeup then. This was a Chitose with a fantastic future who knew she was still an amateur artist. I understand that she is getting older and wants to act and look more like an adult. However, she seems to think that being an adult means that you stop listening to others. She will never become a great artist if she stops learning.


A Letter to Salvador
March 25, 2013

Dear Grandpa Sal,

I know this is late but I wanted to say that I am sorry for what happened the last time we met. In our last lesson, I didn't listen to you because I thought that you still saw me as a kid. I looked at how you painted me in the portrait and this confirmed my belief. I was so hurt that I just left without talking your gift.

You don't know this, but Mom secretly put the portrait into one of my suitcases when I left home for France. When I found it, I was still upset so I hid it in my closet. I didn't think about the portrait for a while, but I rediscovered it by chance a couple of months ago. Looking at it, I saw a Chitose who was willing to listen in order to improve her art. I realized that the Chitose I'd become was different. She wanted to prove to everyone that she was an adult and had stopped listening to others. Until then, I'd been really struggling in my art classes, but after I realized my weakness, I started learning again and my art got much better. You will always be my teacher, Grandpa.

I remember the portrait I showed you in our last lesson. You didn't like it and told me to paint you as I saw you. What you taught me that day makes sense to me now. I should paint things as they actually are and then their true beauty will shine.

I've painted a portrait of us and am sending you a photo of it. It actually won first prize in my city's young artists competition. As you can see, I've painted myself like you did, as Chitose the high school student with a lot of potential. I've also painted you as I really see you. Your wrinkles are proof of your wisdom. The cane shows your will to overcome your physical challenges. Your bent back shows that you have poured all your strength into what you love the most : your art and me. Thank you, Grandpa.

Love,
Chitose


問2
In the last lesson, Chitose didn't accept the portrait because she believed her (  ).

@ family would appreciate it more than she would
A family would not like her style
B grandfather did not respect her as an adult
C grandfather was not a very good artist

【解説】
In the last lesson, Chitose didn't accept the portrait because she believed her (  ).
「最後のレッスンで、Chitoseはその肖像画を受け取らなかった。なぜなら彼女は(  )と信じたからだ」

本文の A Letter to Salvador
I was so hurt that I just left without talking your gift.
「私はとても傷ついたので、あなたの贈り物を取ることなくただ出て行った」とあります。
その周辺に解答の該当部分がありそうですね。
それを踏まえて、その前の2つの文を確認するとこうあります。
In our last lesson, I didn't listen to you because I thought that you still saw me as a kid.
「最後のレッスンで、私はあなたの言うことを聞かなかった。なぜなら私はあなたが今でも私を子供として見ていたと考えたからです」
I looked at how you painted me in the portrait and this confirmed my belief.

「私はあなたがその肖像画で私をどのように描いたを見ました。そしてこれによって私の考えが確かめられました」

特に本文の you still saw me as a kid(子供として見ていた)の部分に注目すると選択肢Bの did not respect her as an adult(大人として認めなかった)の部分がその言い換え表現になっていることがわかります。つまり
B grandfather did not respect her as an adult
「祖父が彼女を大人として認めなかった」が正解となります。


念のため他の選択肢も確認してみましょう。
@ family would appreciate it more than she would
「彼女より家族の方がそれを評価するだろう」
本文の Salvador's Diary
I gave the portrait of Chitose to her parents thinking they would appreciate it.
「私は彼女の両親がそれを評価すると考え、そのチトセの肖像画を彼らにあげた」とあります。ただ、これは Salvador の考えであり、Chitose の考えではありません。しかも両親にあげる前に SalvadorChitose に肖像画をあげようとしていますから、この選択肢は違いますね。

A family would not like her style
「家族が彼女のスタイルを好きでないだろう」
この「スタイル」とは「ファッションスタイル」のことか、それとも「作風」のことなのかどちらなのでしょうか? まぁ、どちらしてもチトセの両親はそれについて何か言っている記述はありませんね。両親の行動に関しては、唯一本文の A Letter to Salvador
Mom secretly put the portrait into one of my suitcases when I left home for France.
「私がフランスに向けて家を出るとき、ママはこっそりその肖像画を私のスーツケースの一つに入れた」とあります。これはこの選択肢には全く関係ありませんね。

C grandfather was not a very good artist
「祖父がとても良い芸術家というわけではなかった」
これは少し微妙な選択肢ですね。関係するとすれば本文の Salvador's Diary
she didn't care because she didn't need me as a teacher anymore.
「彼女は私をもはや先生として必要としないので、気にかけない」とあります。「先生として」必要としないのであって「芸術家として」認めていないとは書かれてありませんね。ただ、選択肢Bがなければ、この選択肢が正解となってもおかしくはないです。より適切な選択肢がBだということですね。

【正解】B

センター試験英語過去問トライアル



第5問「日記と手紙」問3に進む
第5問「日記と手紙」問1に戻る
2014年(平成26年)センター試験英語
第1問A「発音」問1
第1問A「発音」問2
第1問A「発音」問3
第1問B「アクセント」問1
第1問B「アクセント」問2
第1問B「アクセント」問3
第1問B「アクセント」問4
第2問A「文法・語彙・語法」問1
第2問A「文法・語彙・語法」問2
第2問A「文法・語彙・語法」問3
第2問A「文法・語彙・語法」問4
第2問A「文法・語彙・語法」問5
第2問A「文法・語彙・語法」問6
第2問A「文法・語彙・語法」問7
第2問A「文法・語彙・語法」問8
第2問A「文法・語彙・語法」問9
第2問A「文法・語彙・語法」問10
第2問B「対話文」問1
第2問B「対話文」問2
第2問B「対話文」問3
第2問C「語句整序」問1
第2問C「語句整序」問2
第2問C「語句整序」問3
第3問A「意味類推」問1
第3問A「意味類推」問2
第3問B「不要文選択」問1
第3問B「不要文選択」問2
第3問B「不要文選択」問3
第3問C「要約」問1
第3問C「要約」問2
第3問C「要約」問3
第4問A「図表読解」問1
第4問A「図表読解」問2
第4問A「図表読解」問3
第4問A「図表読解」問4
第4問B「広告」問1
第4問B「広告」問2
第4問B「広告」問3
第5問「日記と手紙」問1
第5問「日記と手紙」問2
第5問「日記と手紙」問3
第5問「日記と手紙」問4
第5問「日記と手紙」問5
第6問A「長文読解(論説文)」問1
第6問A「長文読解(論説文)」問2
第6問A「長文読解(論説文)」問3
第6問A「長文読解(論説文)」問4
第6問A「長文読解(論説文)」問5
第6問B「長文読解(論説文)」
大学入試センター試験英語解説トップへ

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