センター試験には良問が多いと言われています。問題が公表され、当然注目も集まりますので、その作成に多くの人が関わり何重にもチェックされます。そんな練りに練られた問題を、単に解いてそれで終わりではもったいない! そんなセンター試験過去問をどこよりも誰よりも詳しく徹底的に解説していきます。1つ1つ丁寧に確認し、真の実力(英語力)を身につけましょう。


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大学入試センター試験英語過去問題解説

2011年(平成23年)センター試験英語第5問「状況説明」問1


次の文章は、同一の状況について二人の人物がそれぞれの観点から述べたものである。文章を読み、下の問いの(   )に入れるのに最も適当なものを、下の@〜Cのうちから一つずつ選べ。

A Family Trip to the City

Father talking about the trip: Well, I guess the day was a success. It was Sunday and I would rather have stayed at home, but at least we enjoyed the day as a family, and Tom and Cindy got to something they wanted to do. The train ride into town in the morning was pleasant−better than it is on weekdays. It wasn't crowded at all and I had plenty of space. Plus, by using the train, I didn't have to worry about parking. I could even take a little nap on the way home. With all the shopping we did in the afternoon, I needed that nap. Tom always wants to go by car. He says that way you don't have to carry all the stuff you buy. Either way, shopping always makes me so tired. I can't stand all the walking, standing and waiting, and I think it is dangerous to drive when you are tired. I was a bit disappointed that we didn't have time to go to the bookstore. That was the thing I wanted to do the most. But we got winter clothes for the children, which was my wife's main purpose. Tom was happy that we got to meet the professional ball players. He even got some autographs. And Cindy got some new clothes and a pair of boots. I would have preferred something other than hamburgers and fries for lunch, since this was a chance for my wife and me to enjoy a nice restaurant.

Daughter talking about the trip: The day wasn't as bad as I thought it would be. I mean, I always like going into the city−I just don't like going with Mom and Dad. I especially hate going with my little brother. The train ride was terrible. Dad was happy because he was able to read his newspaper. But it was so embarrassing when he turned the pages. He made so much noise that people turned and looked at us. Um, let's see… getting the autographs from the baseball players wasn't as boring as I thought it was going to be, even though it took up the whole morning. It was part of a special event for fans hosted by a big department store and was a really big deal for my little brother. The autographs kept him happy all day. All he ever thinks about it baseball…and hamburgers! Luckily, it was held at the department store where we went shopping so we didn't have to go anywhere else. I wanted to shop more for clothes−well, I mean the clothes that I want. Mom made us try on the clothes she chose. She gets really tense and stressed out about getting clothes for us. I never like what she chooses and she won't let me create my own style. So I was really surprised when, at the last store, she let me pick out a new pair of winter boots in the style that I wanted. I think she is relieved now, because she has winter clothes ready for my brother and me. This is one of the biggest things she has to do each year and now she is finished with it. And it is good that Dad did help her. But we ran out of time and couldn't stop at the furniture store. Mom and Dad had been talking about getting a new carpet for a long time. So, all in all, the day wasn't so bad, but next time, I want to choose my own clothes.

問1
The father enjoyed the train ride because (   ).
@ he didn't have to stand in line
A he had enough room to relax
B it was cheaper on weekends than on weekdays
C there were not many embarrassing people

【解説】
長文問題ですね。
こういった長文問題は本文を読み始める前に、まず設問に目を通しましょう。
そしてキーワードをもとに、その設問の該当部分を、本文中から見つけ出すのです。

では設問をチェックしましょう。
The father enjoyed the train ride because (   ).
『父親は列車の旅を楽しんだ。なぜなら(   )』

まず主語が The father ですので、後半の Daughter talking about the trip: の部分は読まなくて良いことが分かりますね。あとは the train ride に注目です。この語が本文中に出てくれば、その周辺に解答のヒントがあると分かります。

では本文を読んでいきましょう。しばらくすると The train ride が出てきますね。その周辺が問1の該当部分になるのです。

The train ride into town in the morning was pleasant−better than it is on weekdays. It wasn't crowded at all and I had plenty of space. Plus, by using the train, I didn't have to worry about parking. I could even take a little nap on the way home.
『午前中、町への電車の乗車は、平日のそれ(電車に乗ること)より楽しかった。全く混んでいなかったし、空間がたくさんあった加えて電車を使うことによって、駐車の心配をする必要がなかった帰り道ではちょっとした居眠りさえできた

では選択肢を確認してみましょう。
@ 『彼は列に並ぶ必要がなかった』
A 『彼にはリラックスするための空間が充分あった
B 『平日より週末の方が安かった』
C 『迷惑をかける人が多くはいなかった』

照らし合わせてみればわかりますね。
正解はAです・・・が、なんか微妙な感じがしませんか?

空間が充分あるのは合致していますが、選択肢の「リラックスするための」の部分が書かれていませんね。だからこの部分だけでは自信を持って「Aだ!」と断言しかねるかもしれません。
(「帰り道では居眠りさえできた」の部分がそれかな? でも居眠りができたというのは、車を使わなかったからであって、空間があったからではないよなぁ・・・)

実はその「リラックスするための」の該当部分は、「娘」部分にあるのです。
Dad was happy because he was able to read his newspaper.
『父は新聞を読むことが出来て、幸せだった』

新聞を読むこと=リラックス・・・???
微妙に感じないわけでもないですが、これがそういうことでしょう。

とはいえ、そこまで読んで解答するというのは時間がもったいないので
これはやはり「父」の部分だけで判断すべき問題です。
その後の問題をする際に「娘」部分を読んで、
「あぁー、やっぱりあの問題はアレで良かった」と確認するのが正しい手順であろう。

【正解】A

センター試験英語過去問トライアル




第5問「状況説明」問2へ進む
第4問B「広告」問3へ戻る
大学入試センター試験英語解説トップへ

間違いなどありましたら、受験勉強研究ネットワーク LEVEL UPまでご連絡下さい。

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