センター試験には良問が多いと言われています。問題が公表され、当然注目も集まりますので、その作成に多くの人が関わり何重にもチェックされます。そんな練りに練られた問題を、単に解いてそれで終わりではもったいない! そんなセンター試験過去問をどこよりも誰よりも詳しく徹底的に解説していきます。1つ1つ丁寧に確認し、真の実力(英語力)を身につけましょう。


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大学入試センター試験英語過去問題解説

2009年(平成21年)センター試験第3問C「空所補充」問3


次の文章の( 問1 )〜( 問3 )に入れるのに最も適当なものを、
それぞれ下の@〜Cのうちから一つずつ選べ。

 It has been said that nine out of ten people like chocolate and the tenth one is lying, but did you ever think about who gets the money you pay for your favorite chocolate? In fact, the farmer who grows the cocoa beans and the farmer whose cows give the milk get very little of the money you pay. Most of it goes to the companies which transport the raw materials, turn them into chocolate, then package, advertise and distribute it to stores. As a result, the cocoa and milk producers often live in very poor conditions. ( 問1 )
 Garstang, near Lancaster in England, is a town which encourages stores to sell "Fairtrade" goods; in fact, it dalls itself "The World's First Fairtrade Town." If you buy goods with the "Fairtrade" label, you can be sure that a reasonable part of the money you pay will go to the farmer who grows the raw materials from which your good are made. For example, money paid for "Fairtrade" chocolate goes to cocoa farmers in Africa. People in Garstang became interested in "Fairtrade" when they began to look for a way to help these farmers. The farmers complained that big chocolate companies were interested only in buying cocoa beans inexpensively, and not in whether the farmers had enough money to live. One group in Garstang decided to ( 問2 ), making sure the farmers could keep as much of the profit as possible.
 The chocolate sold in stores in Garstang with a special "Fairtrade" logo on it was more expensive than ordinary chocolare, but 82% of local people said they were eilling to pay extra if they knew the money was being used to help people in a poor country. Gradyakktm other goods came to be traded in this way.
 The next thing that happend was that local dairy farmers demonstrated in the center of Garstang. They wanted ( 問3 ). They pointed out that, like the cocoa farmers in Africa, they also felt disadvantaged by an unfair trading system. They wanted more money for the milk their cows produced. As a result, Garstang has become a center not only for fair trade with poorer countries, but also for promoting locally produced goods.


( 問3 )
@ to become involved in the "Fairtrade" movement
A to be paid more for the cocoa they produced
B to encourage chocolate consumption
C to reduce the price of their chocolate bars

【解説】
第3段落には(   )がないので、あえて流し読みします。
( 問3 )は第4段落の第2文にあります。なのでここは定石どおり段落の最初と最後の文をチェックします。

まず最初の文から
The next thing that happened was that local dairy farmers demonstrated in the center of Garstang.
『次に起こったことは、その地方の酪農家が Garstang の中心でデモをしたことだ』
その文に続いて They wanted ( 問3 ). 『彼らは( 問3 )したかった』となります。
さて、何がしたかったのでしょうか?

最後の文は
As a result, Garstang has become a center not only for fair trade with poorer countries,
but also for promoting locally produced goods.

( 問1 )のところでもでた「as a result / 結果として」がまたきましたね。
「not only A but also B / A だけでなく B も」という意味。

『結果として、Garstang は貧しい国との fair trade (公平な取引)だけでなく、
 地方の生産品の促進のための中心地になった』

最初の文と最後の文によると、
地方の酪農家たちのデモによって、Garstang が地方の生産品の促進のための中心地になった
のですから、彼らが望んだ( 問3 )は「promoting locally produced goods 」ということでしょう。

それを踏まえて選択肢を再度みてみましょう。
@ to become involved in the "Fairtrade" movement
「Fairtrade運動」に加わること
そうといわれるとそうかもしれないが・・・保留にしておきましょう。

A to be paid more for the cocoa they produced
彼らが生産するココアに対しより支払われること
「彼ら=酪農家」なので、ココアは作っていませんね。これは違う。

B to encourage chocolate consumption
チョコレートの消費を促進すること
「彼ら=酪農家」なので、チョコレートは関係ないですよね。これも違う。

C to reduce the price of their chocolate bars
板チョコレートの値段を下げること
だから「彼ら=酪農家」なので、チョコレートは関係ないって・・・これも違う。

【正解】@

センター試験英語過去問トライアル




第4問A「図表読解」問1へ進む
第3問C「空所文補充」問2へ戻る
大学入試センター試験英語解説トップへ

間違いなどありましたら、受験勉強研究ネットワーク LEVEL UPまでご連絡下さい。

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