センター試験には良問が多いと言われています。問題が公表され、当然注目も集まりますので、その作成に多くの人が関わり何重にもチェックされます。そんな練りに練られた問題を、単に解いてそれで終わりではもったいない! そんなセンター試験過去問をどこよりも誰よりも詳しく徹底的に解説していきます。1つ1つ丁寧に確認し、真の実力(英語力)を身につけましょう。


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大学入試センター試験英語過去問題解説

2009年(平成21年)センター試験第3問C「空所補充」問2


次の文章の( 問1 )〜( 問3 )に入れるのに最も適当なものを、
それぞれ下の@〜Cのうちから一つずつ選べ。

 It has been said that nine out of ten people like chocolate and the tenth one is lying, but did you ever think about who gets the money you pay for your favorite chocolate? In fact, the farmer who grows the cocoa beans and the farmer whose cows give the milk get very little of the money you pay. Most of it goes to the companies which transport the raw materials, turn them into chocolate, then package, advertise and distribute it to stores. As a result, the cocoa and milk producers often live in very poor conditions. ( 問1 )
 Garstang, near Lancaster in England, is a town which encourages stores to sell "Fairtrade" goods; in fact, it dalls itself "The World's First Fairtrade Town." If you buy goods with the "Fairtrade" label, you can be sure that a reasonable part of the money you pay will go to the farmer who grows the raw materials from which your good are made. For example, money paid for "Fairtrade" chocolate goes to cocoa farmers in Africa. People in Garstang became interested in "Fairtrade" when they began to look for a way to help these farmers. The farmers complained that big chocolate companies were interested only in buying cocoa beans inexpensively, and not in whether the farmers had enough money to live. One group in Garstang decided to ( 問2 ), making sure the farmers could keep as much of the profit as possible.
 The chocolate sold in stores in Garstang with a special "Fairtrade" logo on it was more expensive than ordinary chocolare, but 82% of local people said they were eilling to pay extra if they knew the money was being used to help people in a poor country. Gradyakktm other goods came to be traded in this way.
 The next thing that happend was that local dairy farmers demonstrated in the center of Garstang. They wanted ( 問3 ). They pointed out that, like the cocoa farmers in Africa, they also felt disadvantaged by an unfair trading system. They wanted more money for the milk their cows produced. As a result, Garstang has become a center not only for fair trade with poorer countries, but also for promoting locally produced goods.


( 問2 )
@ buy cocoa directly from the farmers and make it into chocolate
A give money to poor African farmers who grow cocoa beans
B return the chocolate to the cocoa farmers in Africa
C supply cocoa beans to African farmers

【解説】
論説文は段落ごとにテーマ(トピック)があります。
そのテーマがはっきりわかる文のことを「トピックセンテンス」と言います。
そのトピックセンテンスは、段落の最初と最後にあることが多いです。
パラグラフリーディングの考え方ですね)

( 問2 )は第2段落の最後の文中にありますので、その文を丁寧に確認してみましょう。
One group in Garstang decided to ( 問2 ), making sure the farmers could keep as much of the profit as possible.
making 以下は分詞構文ですね。

『農家が可能な限り多くの利益を保てるように、Garstang のグループは( 問2 )することを決めました』
この段階で保留にしていた( 問1 )のCが不正解でAが正解だとわかりますね。

選択肢を再度確認してみましょう。
@ buy cocoa directly from the farmers and make it into chocolate
「農家からココアを直接買って、チョコレートを作る」
ありそうな話ですね。日本の漁業でもそういうやり方で商売している人がニュースになってました。

A give money to poor African farmers who grow cocoa beans
「ココア豆をつくるアフリカの貧しい農家にお金を与える」
これは・・・支援? 「profit / 利益」という言葉にそぐわないですね。

B return the chocolate to the cocoa farmers in Africa
「アフリカのココア農家にチョコレートを返す」
チョコレートを返されても「profit / 利益」にはならないですよね。

C supply cocoa beans to African farmers
「アフリカの農家にココア豆を供給する」
アフリカの農家自身がココア豆を作っているのに、そんなのもらっても「いらんわー」って感じですね。

【正解】@

センター試験英語過去問トライアル




第3問C「空所文補充」問3へ進む
第3問C「空所文補充」問1へ戻る
大学入試センター試験英語解説トップへ

間違いなどありましたら、受験勉強研究ネットワーク LEVEL UPまでご連絡下さい。

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