センター試験には良問が多いと言われています。問題が公表され、当然注目も集まりますので、その作成に多くの人が関わり何重にもチェックされます。そんな練りに練られた問題を、単に解いてそれで終わりではもったいない! そんなセンター試験過去問をどこよりも誰よりも詳しく徹底的に解説していきます。1つ1つ丁寧に確認し、真の実力(英語力)を身につけましょう。


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大学入試センター試験英語過去問題解説

2008年(平成20年)センター試験英語第3問C「空所文補充」問2


次の文の(  )に入れるのに最も適当な文を、@〜Cの内から一つ選べ。

 A role model is an ideal person whom we admire. Role models may have various backgrounds and ways of looking at things. However, they all inspire others through their actions. I would like to introduce two people I admire.  Mr, Chico Mendes is one of my role models. He was born in the Amazon region in 1944 to a poor Brazilian family that had farmed rubber from rubber trees for many generations. They loved the rainforest and ( 問1 ). However, mining companies and cattle ranchers started destroying the Amazon rainforest which is more than 180 million years old. They burned and cut down hundreds of thousands of trees, endangering the living environment of the people there. Chico began a movement that organized ordinary workers to oppose those harmful practices. The movement ( 問2 ), as Chico's efforts led people in other countries to protect the earth's forests and the forests' native inhabitants. Mr. Chico Mendes is role model for me because of his courage, dedication and self-sacrificing work to protect not only the Amazon rainforest, but the natural environment of the entire planet.
 Dr. Mae Jemison, the first Afro-American female astronaut to travel into space, is my other role model. Mae was born into a middle-class American family. She entered university at the age of 16, and went on to receive degrees in Chemical Engineering, African-American Studies and Medicine. She became a fluent speaker of Japanese, Russian and Swahili. In 1992, she was the science mission specialist on the space shuttle Endeavour, on a cooperative mission between the U.S. and Japan. ( 問3 ), Dr. Jemison has used her education to improve the lives of others by providing primary medical care to poor people. She has helped countless people through various educational and medical projects.
 The main characteristics of my two role models are that they sympathize with other people's distress and are committed to improving the world by helping others. They are caring people who use their potential to benefit the world, making it a better place.


( 問2 )
@ eventually spread to other parts of the world
A remained basically a problem for Brazilian people
B was especially concerned with global warming
C was focused mainly on the Amezon rubber trees

【解説】
空所の次の英単語である as に注目しましょう。

接続詞の as は「〜するにしたがって」という比例を表す意味があり、
The movement ( 問2 ), の英文はそれに続くもので考えたらよいとわかります。

as Chico's efforts led people in other countries to protect the earth's forests and the forests' native inhabitants.
「チコの努力のおかげで他の国の人々が地球の森や、森の自然の動物を守る気になるにつれて・・・」
(無生物主語なので「〜のおかげで」と訳すと日本語らしくなる)

選択肢は
@ 最終的に世界の他の場所へ広がった。
A 基本的にブラジルの人々にとっての問題として残った。
B 特に地球の温暖化と結び付けられた。
C 主にアマゾンのゴムの木に照準を合わせられた。

【正解】@

センター試験英語過去問トライアル




第3問C「空所文補充」問3へ進む
第3問C「空所文補充」問1へ戻る
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