センター試験には良問が多いと言われています。問題が公表され、当然注目も集まりますので、その作成に多くの人が関わり何重にもチェックされます。そんな練りに練られた問題を、単に解いてそれで終わりではもったいない! そんなセンター試験過去問をどこよりも誰よりも詳しく徹底的に解説していきます。1つ1つ丁寧に確認し、真の実力(英語力)を身につけましょう。


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大学入試センター試験英語過去問題解説

2008年(平成20年)センター試験英語第3問C「空所文補充」問1


次の文の(  )に入れるのに最も適当な文を、@〜Cの内から一つ選べ。

 A role model is an ideal person whom we admire. Role models may have various backgrounds and ways of looking at things. However, they all inspire others through their actions. I would like to introduce two people I admire.  Mr, Chico Mendes is one of my role models. He was born in the Amazon region in 1944 to a poor Brazilian family that had farmed rubber from rubber trees for many generations. They loved the rainforest and ( 問1 ). However, mining companies and cattle ranchers started destroying the Amazon rainforest which is more than 180 million years old. They burned and cut down hundreds of thousands of trees, endangering the living environment of the people there. Chico began a movement that organized ordinary workers to oppose those harmful practices. The movement ( 問2 ), as Chico's efforts led people in other countries to protect the earth's forests and the forests' native inhabitants. Mr. Chico Mendes is role model for me because of his courage, dedication and self-sacrificing work to protect not only the Amazon rainforest, but the natural environment of the entire planet.
 Dr. Mae Jemison, the first Afro-American female astronaut to travel into space, is my other role model. Mae was born into a middle-class American family. She entered university at the age of 16, and went on to receive degrees in Chemical Engineering, African-American Studies and Medicine. She became a fluent speaker of Japanese, Russian and Swahili. In 1992, she was the science mission specialist on the space shuttle Endeavour, on a cooperative mission between the U.S. and Japan. ( 問3 ), Dr. Jemison has used her education to improve the lives of others by providing primary medical care to poor people. She has helped countless people through various educational and medical projects.
 The main characteristics of my two role models are that they sympathize with other people's distress and are committed to improving the world by helping others. They are caring people who use their potential to benefit the world, making it a better place.


( 問1 )
@ did not tell outsiders the location of their trees
A did not want strangers living anywhere near them
B protected the indigenous tribes from being killed
C used its resources in a way that did not destroy it

【解説】
空所の次の英文の先頭に However があることに注目しましょう。
however は逆接の接続詞なので、その前後には逆の意味がきますね。

ということは、however 以下の英文と逆の意味の英文が( 問1 )のある英文に入ることがわかります。
However, mining companies and cattle ranchers started destroying the Amazon rainforest which is more than 180 million years old.
「しかしながら、鉱山会社や家畜牧場主たちが、1億8000万年以上の歴史があるアマゾンの熱帯雨林を破壊し始めた」

選択肢は
@ よそ者には彼らの木の場所を教えなかった。
A 彼らの近くに知らない人が住むことを望まなかった。
B 現地の部族を殺されることから守った。
C それ(熱帯雨林)を破壊しないような方法でその資源を使った。

however 以下の英文と逆の意味になる選択肢は、C。

【正解】C

センター試験英語過去問トライアル




第3問C「空所文補充」問2へ進む
第3問B「要約」問3へ戻る
大学入試センター試験英語解説トップへ

間違いなどありましたら、受験勉強研究ネットワーク LEVEL UPまでご連絡下さい。

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