This Page Last Modified on March 14, 2009
||Isadora's Life Events
|A bank owner and a connoisseur of arts, Joseph Charles Duncan (1819-1898), who is a son of Joseph Moulder Duncan and Harriett Bioren, gets married to a musician (music teacher) Mary Isadora (Dora) Gray (1849-1922), who is a daughter of Colonel and California State Senator
Thomas Gray and Mary Gorman, on June 26.
|Mary Elizabeth Bioren (Elizabeth Duncan) (1871-1948) is born on Nov. 8 as the oldest of four children of Joseph
and Dora Gray Duncan in San Francisco, California, USA (Elizabeth died
in Tubingen near Stuttgart, Germany in 1948).
|Augustin (1873-1954) is born on April 17 to Joseph and Dora Duncan.
|Raymond (1874-1966) is born on Nov. 1 to Joseph and Dora Duncan.
||Angela Isadora (Isadora Duncan) is born on May 26.
Isadora is taken to Old St. Mary's Church in San Francisco to be christened
on Oct. 13.
(In "Education and the Dance," "The Art of the Dance," Isadora says, "When I found my first school in 1905, I was
only twenty-two years old (P88)."@Augustin testified that Isadora
was born on May 27, 1878. However, according to Raymond and Isadora's baptismal
record, she was born on May 26, 1877.)
While Isadora is a baby, her parents divorce due to the bankruptcy of her
||The Duncan family suffers from a fire, which is Isadora's first memory.
||The Duncan family often moves to new places due to their poverty (According
to Isadora, her family moved 15 times in two years). Isadora enters a public
school, Cole Elementary School.
||Isadora electrifies her audience by reciting William Haines Lytle's "Antony to Cleopatra." Isadora gathers half a dozen children and teaches them dance. Their
parents pay her the tuition.
||Isadora first meets her father.
Isadora's classes become very popular.
||Isadora leaves her elementary school to earn more money.
Elizabeth teaches older pupils "Society dancing." Isadora carries
a torch for a chemist Vernon who is a pupil of Elizabeth.
||Isadora decides to live to fight against marriage and for the emancipation of women. Augustin opens a theatre. Isadora dances there.
|Isadora has her first dance recital with her family at the First Unitarian
Church in Oakland, California.
Isadora is registered as a dance teacher in the Oakland
|Elizabeth, who had been living with her grandmother, rejoins Isadora's classes as a teacher. They teach in many houses in San Francisco.
||Isadora is registered as a dance teacher in Lengley's San Francisco City Directory.
||Isadora and her mother leave San Francisco for Chicago to join a great
company so that they can go abroad. Isadora dances at Masonic Temple Roof
Garden and Club Bohemia. Isadora dates a Polish poet and painter, Ivan Miroski. She gives up finding a good job in Chicago and decides to go to New York.
Isadora joins John Augustin Daly's Theater Company in NY in Oct. Isadora performs a pantomime with the
great star Jane May. All of Isadora's family members except Raymond come
to stay in NY.
||Isadora performs as a fairy in "Midsummer Night's Dream," a singer in "The Geisha,"
a spirit in "The Tempest," and a dancer in "Much Ado About
Nothing" and "Meg Merrilies."
||Isadora goes to the UK as a member of Daly's Company. While she is in London,
she takes ballet lessons with the Empire Theatre's ballet mistress, Ketti
Lanner, and gives recitals.
||After Isadora sings in a quartette in "The Geisha," she quits
Daly's Company. She has concerts with a composer, Ethelbert Woodbridge Nevin, (1862-1901) at the Music Room of Carnegie Hall on March 24. She dances
with his music such as "Narcissus," "Ophelia," and
"The New York Herald" prints her interview on Feb. 20. An American
dance magazine, "The Director," also prints the same interview
"Emotional Expression" in the March issue and "A Lecture
on the Philosophy of the Dance" in the October-November issue.
Isadora's father Joseph Duncan dies in the shipwreck of the S.S. Mohegan
on October 14.
||Elizabeth's school moves from the Carnegie Hall studio to Windsor Hotel.
Isadora composes a dance to the entire poem of Omar Khayyam (1048-1131) and dances with Justin McCarthy's reading in NY in March. After the hotel fire on March 17, the Duncan family, except Augustin, decides to leave New York for London, UK. The family gives a farewell concert "The Happier Age of Gold" at Lyceum Theatre on April 18.
The Duncan family arrives in London in May. Isadora dances at private houses of the high society and often goes to the British Museum to see Greek and Roman antiquities. She receives a letter which tells of Miroski's death; she goes to see Mrs. Miroski in Hammersmith, London. The Duncan family moves to Kensington, London in July. In Sept., Elizabeth decides to go back to NY to earn money for her family.
||The Duncan family rents a large studio in Warwick Square.
Isadora joins Benson's Company in Feb. She meets the director of the New
Gallery and a musician, Charles Halle, and gives three recitals at the
gallery on March 16, July 4, and July 6. The Prince of Wales, later to
become King Edward, comes to see Isadora's recital at The Court Theatre
on May 29.
While Isadora is in London, she goes to see the play of Henry Irving's company: she sees the performance of Irving, Ellen Terry (1847-1928), and her son Edward Henry Gordon Craig (1872-1966) in Cymbeline.
Raymond leaves London for Paris, France. Then Isadora, and her mother also
leave for Paris. Isadora often dances in Luxembourg and goes to see the
Greek collection of the Louvre Museum, the dancing figure of Opera, and
the reliefs of the Arc de Triomphe, etc. with Raymond. Isadora goes to
the Great Exhibition (Universal Exposition) of Paris and sees the dance
of a Japanese great tragic dancer, Sadi Yacca, (Sadayakko Kawakami: 1872-1946) and visits "Rodin Pavillon."
Raymond returns to the USA for a concert tour.
||Isadora meets many artists such as Auguste Rodin (1840-1917), Eugene Carriere (1849-1906), Loie Fuller (1862-1928) and Mary Desti (1871-1931) in France. She joins a tour of Loie Fuller's company; she visits Berlin, Leipzig, Germany and Vienna, Austria.
Isadora has a performance at her studio on Dec. 12.
||After quitting Fuller's company in Feb., Isadora and her mother leave for
Budapest, Hungary. Isadora has her first official contract to dance (her
own programme) before the public at Urania Theatre on April 19 and 20 .
A Hungarian actor Oscar Beregi (Oszkar Beregi : 1876-1965), who recites classical idylls and odes in her performance, becomes her first lover (She calls him "Romeo" in "My Life"). She decides to break off her relationship with Beregi for their future careers.
Isadora cancels her performances in July due to her illness.
Isadora has performances at the Municipal Theatre (Stadttheater), Marianske Lazne on Aug. 1, 6, and 7, at Konversations-Saal, Frantiskovy lazne on Aug. 3, and in Marianske Lazne on Aug. 13.
Elizabeth comes back from NY. Isadora has performances in Vienna and at Kunstler Haus, Munich, in Dec. She goes to Florence, Italy, for a few weeks.
||Isadora has a concert with the Philharmonic Orchestra at Kroll's Opera
House, Berlin, in Jan. The audience calls her "Die gottliche, Heilige
Isadora." Her dance causes a controversy because of her unconventional
style of dance. She is invited by Berlin Presse Verein to give a lecture
in March (Her lecture was published as "Der Tanz der Zukunft (The Dance of the Future)" late in 1903).
Isadora has concerts at Theatre Sarah Bernhardt in Paris from May 30 to
June 13. A Spanish artist Jose Clara (1878-1958) comes to see her performance. Isadora met a French artist Jules Felix Grandjouan(1875-1968).
Isadora receives an invitation to take part in the Bayreuth Festival the next year from Frau Cosima (1837-1930), the widow of Richard Wagner (1813-1883) on August 3. Isadora starts studying his music.
Isadora meets a French artist Valentine Lecomte (1872-?) who draws her dancing.
Raymond comes back from the USA, and the Duncan family travels to Greece and buys land in Kopanos. Isadora has a performance at the Royal Theatre in Athens on Nov. 29. The Greek Royal family, including King George, comes to see it. The Duncan family leaves Greece for Vienna with Greek chorus boys and their Byzantine priest professor.
||The Greek chorus boys and priest go back to their home after their performances with Isadora in Vienna, Munich and Berlin.
Isadora goes to Bayreuth, Germany with Mary Desti to meet Frau Cosima and performs in Tannhauser in the festival in May. Beregi calls on Isadora on a few days while she is there.
Isadora becomes close to Heinrich Thode (1857-1920), a son-in-law of Frau Cosima, a German biologist and philosopher Ernst Haeckel (1834-1919) and King Ferdinand of Bulgaria (1861-1948).
Isadora opens her first dance school in Grunewald, Germany, on Dec. 1. Elizabeth works there as the director. They give pupils free room, board, and instruction. Their school becomes known as "Forest School."
Isadora meets a British scenic designer, Edward Gordon Craig in Berlin
in Dec; they fall in love (According to "My Life," they first
met in 1905. However, according to Craig's day books, they met in Dec.
1904). She calls him "Ted," and he calls her "Topsy."
Isadora first visits Russia on Dec. 25 (Dec. 12 according to the Russian Calendar). She makes her Russian debut at the Hall of Nobles, St. Petersburg, on Dec. 26 and 29 (In Russia, Isadora was introduced as "Aisedora" due to a phonetical
transcription error at that). Grand Duke Michael (1878-1918), Kschinsky, Anna Pavlova (1881-1931), Serge Diaghlieff (Sergei Diaghilev: 1872-1929), Michel Fokine (1880-1942), Marius Petitpa (1818-1910), Leon Bakst (1866-1924), etc. come to see her performance.
||Isadora goes to Russia with Craig to have performances in St. Petersburg,
Moscow, and Kiev in Feb. The director of the Moscow Art Theatre Konstantin (Constantin) Sergeevich Stanislavsky (Stanislavski) (1863-1938) comes to see her performance in Moscow on Feb. 6.
Isadora deliever a lecture about the dance as an art of liberation and
the right of women to bear children with or without marriage at Philharmonic
Twenty pupils, including Anna Denzler (1894-1980) from Zurich, Maria-Theresa Kruger (1895-1987) from Dresden, Irma Dorette Ehrich-Grimme (1897-1977) from Schleswig-Holstein near Hamburg, Elizabeth (Lisa) Milker (1898-1976) from Dresden, Margot (Gretel) Jehle (1900-1925) from Berlin, and Erica Lohman (1901-1984) from Hamburg, join Isadora's school. Those pupils are called
"Duncaninchen" or "Little Duncans" and have their first
public performance with Isadora at the Royal Opera House (Kroll) on July
Isadora has performances in Brussels, Netherlands, Stockholm, etc.
Maurice Magnus (1876-1920) becomes Isadora's and Craig's assistant (He worked until 1907).
||Isadora has performances in Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Netherlands, and
Sweden from Jan. to May (In Sweden, Isadora had performances at Ostermalms
Theater (Ostermalmteater) in Stockholm from May 1 to May 15 and in Gothenburg in Concerthuset on May 18).
Isadora meets a Russian-born American Painter Abraham Walkowitz (1878-1965) at Rodin's studio in France.
Craig publishes "Sechs Bewegungsstudien"which consists of Isadora's
Isadora hires a nurse, Marie Kist, in Aug. The daughter of Isadora and
Craig, Deirdre, is born on Sept. 24.
Isadora meets the great Italian actress Eleonora Duse (1858-1924) in the fall, and Isadora and Craig go to Florence, Italy,
to create the set of "Ibsen's Rosmersholm" for Duse in the middle
of Nov. (Craig had met Duse in 1905). Isadora has performances in Warsaw,
Poland, from Dec. 18 to Jan. 10, 1907.
||While Isadora is in Amsterdam, Netherlands for performances in Jan., she
falls sick and has to cancel performances. She goes to Nice to support
Craig. who works for Duse, in Feb. She has performances in Amsterdam on
April 3, Hague on 4 and 8, Utrecht on 6, Leiden on 10, and Haarlem on 12,
Sweden from May 4 to 15, Baden-Baden on June 4 and 7, and Aug. 24, Lucerne
on June, 13, Zurich on June 15, Berlin on June 28, and Mannheim on July
12, Hamburg on July 24, and Munich on August 20 and 22, Sept. 1 and 3 and
Isadora terminates her relationship with Craig in fall although they keep on exchanging letters.
Isadora has performances at Koninklijke Muntschouwburg (Theatre Royal de
la Monnaie), Brussel, in Dec.; a Belgian painter and sculptor Rik Wouters (1882-1916) comes to see it (His masterpiece Het Zotte Geweld/La Vierge Folle (1912) was inspired by her dancing).
Isadora goes to St. Petersburg with Elizabeth and their pupils at the end
||Isadora meets Stanislavsky in Moscow in Jan (According to Ranneye Utro
on Jan. 9, Stanislavski revealed his plan to open a school taught by Isadora).
Isadora goes on a Finnish tour with her pupils; they have a performance
in Helsinki in Mar.
Isadora handles a Russian tour in early April.
Isadora's school in Grunewald closes in April, and her pupils move to La Verriere, France, in May. They have performances at Duke of York's Theatre, London, in July. Queen Alexandra and an American dancer Ruth St. Denis (1879-1968) come to see their performances.
In August, Isadora first returns to the USA to have performances in New
York, Boston, and Washington D.C. She meets many American artists such
as George Grey Barnard (1863-1938), David Belasco (1853-1931), Robert Henri (1865-1929), George Wesley Bellows (1882-1925), Percy MacKaye (1875 - 1956), Max Eastman (1883-1969), etc. US President Theodore Roosevelt comes to see her performance in D.C. She has performances with the orchestra
of Walter Damrosch (1862-1950) at the Metropolitan Opera House on Nov. 6. She leaves the
USA for France on Dec. 30.
Isadora buys a house and huge studio in Neuilly, France, and works with
a musician Hener Skene there. (According to her manager Allan Ross Macdougall (1893-1956), she bought the studio in 1909.)
||Isadora has performances at Theatre Lyrique de la Gaite, France from Jan.
to Feb. and from May to June. A French sculptor Emile Antoine Bourdelle (1861-1929) comes to see her dance.
Isadora meets a millionaire Paris Eugene Singer (1867-1932) who is a son of Isaac Merritt Singer (1811-1875), the founder of the Singer Sewing Machine Company (Isadora
calls him "Lohengrin," and they meet in 1908 in My Life). Paris
Singer offers his financial support for Isadora's school, and they fall
in love. They travel to Italy.
Isadora has performances in Russia. While she is in Russia, she meets Stanislavsky and Craig again (They are working together).
Although Isadora realizes her pregnancy in Sept., she leaves for USA to have performances with Walter Damrosch from Oct. to Dec. She leaves for Europe after her farewell performance at Carnegie Hall on Dec. 2.
||Isadora travels to Egypt, the UK, etc. with Singer. The son of Isadora
and Singer, Patrick Augustus Duncan, is born in Beaulieu, France on May
||Isadora has performances at Chatelet Theatre, Paris on Jan. 18 and Carnegie
Hall, NY on Feb. 15 and 20 and March 4, and in Boston onFeb. 23, in St.
Louis on March 28, and NY on March 31. While she is in USA, she meets an
American baritone David Scull Bispham (1857-1921).
Elizabeth opens her dance school "Elizabeth Duncan Schule (Elizabeth
Duncan School)"in Darmstadt, Germany on Dec. 17.
||Isadora has performances in Rome, etc.
||Isadora has perfomrances in Russia, Germany, and France.
Isadora has a series of conferences "Ce que doit etre la danse"
with Rodin, Carriere, and Josephin Paladin in Trocadero in March.
While Isadora is in Russia with her accompanist Skene in Jan, she sends an open letter to a Petersburg newspaper to tell her idea to
create a theatre of Greek Dance in Moscow and starts seeing hallucinations. Her children Deirdre and Patrick and their nurse Annie Sim are accidentally drowned in a trafic accident in the Seine on April 19 (The driver Paul Morverand was in police custody). Isadora immediately writes to Craig telling the death of their child Deirdre. After their funeral at her studio, Isadora's letter of thanks appears on "The New York Times" on April 29. In the letter, she says, "My friends have helped me to realize what alone could comfort me. That all men are my brothes, all women are my sisters and all little children on earth are my children."
Isadora decides to work for refugees in Albania with her family.
||Singer buys a hotel in Bellevue, France, for Isadora's new school. 50 pupils join the school, and Isadora starts teaching there on June 28: her first pupils from her school in 1905 assist her with teaching. The school becomes known as "Dionysion." Rodin often comes to sketch her pupils.
In August, Isadora is delivered of a son, but he dies within a few hours
(The father of the son was an Italian sculptor, but he never knew that).
After the outbreak of World War I, she gives Les Dames de France her school
in Bellevue as an army hospital, and Augustin takes the pupils to NY in
Sept. Elizabeth also moves with her nine pupils including Anita Zahn (1904-1994) to NY.
While Isadora stays in France for a few months, she has a close relationship
with a doctor Andre from the army hospital. She arrives in NY to join her
family and pupils on Nov. 24. Her original pupils Anna, Maria-Theresa,
Irma, Elizabeth, Margot, and Erica, called "The Isadorables (Les Isadorables)" or "Isadora Duncan Dancers," make their
American debut with Isadora at Carnegie Hall, NY, on Dec. 3.
||Isadora has performances at the Metropolitan Opera House and Century Theater. While she is in NY, she meets a German-born American photographer Arnold Genthe (1869-1942) and an American pianist George Copeland (1882-1971). They work together. After she and her pupils leave the USA
on May 6, she fires her manager, Frederick Toye.
Isadora and her pupils have performances at the Grand Opera House in Zurich and on the lawn of their hotel.
Isadora goes to Greece to open a school, but she gives up the idea. Her
school finally moves to Geneva, Switzerland.
||Isadora has performances in Paris on April 9 and 29 and with her pupils in Geneva.
Isadora decides to go on a South America tour with a French pianist Maurice Dumesnil (1886-1974) and Augustin to get money to manage her school in Switzerland.
She has performances at the Colisseo Theatre, in Buenos Aires, Argentine,
and in Montevideo, Uruguay, and Rio de Janeiro, and Sao Paulo, Brazil from
July to Sept. However, while she is in South America, her young pupils
in Switzerland have to go back to their home due to the school's financial
Isadora arrives in NY from South America on Sept. 27 and sends Augustin
to Switzerland to bring back her pupils. Only six elder pupils, Isadorables,
come to NY to join Isadora. She has a performance at the Metropolitan Opera
House, NY, with Singer's support on Nov. 21. Mary Fanton Roberts (1871-1956), Anna Pavlova, Otto Kahn (1867-1934), the Marquis de Polgnac, Mayor Mitchell, etc. come to see
Isadora and Allan Ross Macdugall (Dougie), who becomes her private secretary, go on vacation in Cuba for a few weeks.
Isadora terminates her relationship with Singer (However, Singer kept on supporting Isadora until she died).
||Isadora has performances at the Metropolitan Opera House, NY on April 24, 26 and 28.
Isadora goes on a California tour. She visits her mother in San Francisco. Her first crush, Vernon, comes to see her performance. She meets an American musician Harold Bauer (1873-1951), and they work together. Isadora officially adopts Isadorables as her daughters.
Isadora has performances at Mason Operahouse, Los Angeles on Dec. 4, 6,
||Isadora has a performance with Bauer at Columbia Theater on Jan. 3 in San Francisco.
Isadora goes back to France. Her secretary, Christine Dallies, introduces
a charismatic American pianist Walter Morse Rummel (1887-1953) to Isadora (she often calls him "my Archangel" in
"My Life"). They work together and fall in love.
||Isadora sells her school in Bellevue and buys a house in Passy.
Isadora travels to North Africa for a month to open a school, but she gives up the idea.
||Isadora has performances at the Trocadero with a conductor Georges Rabani
in March and April and with Rabani and Rummel in June and in Netherlands
and Brussels in May. The Isadorables come to join the performances.
Isadora goes to Greece with the Isadorables, Rummel and a Luxembourg-born
American photographer, Edward Steichen, (1879-1973) to open a school in Athens and reform the house in Kopanos,
but she gives up the ideas. In Athens, Steichen takes many pictures.
Elizabeth Duncan School moves to Switzerland.
||Erica leaves the Isadorables to practice painting.
Isadora has performances with Rummel in Holland in Jan., London in April and May and Brussels on May 2.
Isadora and Rummel break up due to his love affair with one of the Isadorables Anna. After Anna leaves the Isadorables, Rummel stops working with Isadora.
While Isadora has performances in London in April, a Bolshevist leader
Leonid Krassine (Krasin: 1870-1926) comes to offer her a contract to open a school in
Russia. Isadora requests pupils, a school, a great hall and the opportunity
to dance for the masses. After receiving the telegraph from the Russian
People's Commissar of Education, Anatole Vasilief Lunacharsky (1875-1933), Isadora decides to go to Russia. Isadora and Irma take S.S
Baltanic for Russia in the middle of July (Margot had a medical problem;
Maria-Theresa and Elizabeth decided not to go with them). Isadora and Irma
arrive in Reval (Tallinn) on July 19 and Moscow on July 24 (They took a
train to go to Moscow).
Ilya Ilyich Schneider (1891-1980), who is a member of the press of the People's Commissariat
for Foreign Affairs and a teacher of the history and aesthethics of dance
at the School of Ballet, becomes Isadora's manager.
Isadora meets the People's Commissar of Physical Education, Podvowsky,
in August. Isadora and Irma start living in a house on Pretchistenka (Prechistenka)
Street where a Moscow Opera Ballerina, Balachova (Balashova) used to live.
They are given the title of "paiok rabotnikof umstvienova truda"
and regarded as brain-workers.
Isadora chooses 50 pupils out of hundreds of children in Oct. and starts teaching them dance (According to Natalia Roslavleva (1907-1977), Isadora started teaching in Sept.). She meets a Russian poet, Sergei Alexandrovich Esenin (1895-1925), in Nov. at an evening party, held by a well-known futurist
artist and stage decorator for the Kamerny Theatre, George Jacouloff. Isadora
and Esenin fall in love; he calls her "Sidora." She has a performance
with 150 pupils at the Bolshoi Theatre on Nov. 7. The founder of the Bolsheviks
and leader of the Russian Revolution Vladimir Ilyich Lenin (1870-1924), a Russian play-writer and theater critic Osaf Litovsky, and
an actor and dancer of Kamerny Theatre, Alexander Rumnev (1899-1965) come to see the performance (Rumnov became a good friend of Isadora).
"Isadora Duncan State School" officially opens at her house on Dec. 3 (Only 40 out of 150 pupils could remain due to the limitations of the funds and capacity of the dorm for pupils). Pianists Pyotr Luboshitz and Mark Meitchik and a nurse Frosia work there. Isadora has performances at the Zimin Theatre and dances for an audience of working people in Dec. The school carries on an audition at the end of Dec. (The school had 11
boys, but one by one they left)
Elizabeth Duncan School moves to Karl Eanst Osthaus's Hohenhof and then
moves to the Kavaliersbau in Potsdam.
||Isadora has a performance in Petrograd, Russia.
Dora Gray Duncan, Isadora's mother, dies at Raymond's house in Paris on April 12.
Isadora marries Esenin on May 2. They leave Russia for Germany, France and finally the USA as their honeymoon on May 9 (Isadora took Esenine out of Russia because she wanted him to take a medical exam and receive medical care, and see all that Europe had of beauty, and all that America had of wonder). Irma keeps on teaching in Russia.
While Isadora and Esenin are in Germany, they meet a Russian author Maxim Gorky (Aleksei Maksimovich Peshkov:1868-1936) in Berlin and hire Lola Kinel as their secretary in Wiesbaden.
While Isadora and Esenin are in France, they hire a Russian secretary Vladimir
Isadora arrives in NY with Esenin and Vetlugin on Oct. 1 to have performances
in NY, Boston, Chicago, Indianapolis, Louisville, Kansas City, St. Louis,
Memphis, Detroit, Cleveland, Baltimore, Philadelphia, and Brooklyn. However,
they are detained by the immigration authorities due to their citizenship
(They were released the next day). Isadora has a performance at the Carnegie
Hall on Oct. 7. Isadora's attitude and speech "This is red! So am
I! It is the color of life and vigor. You were once wild here. Don't let
them tame you ! ( Duncan, Irma. & Macdougall, Allan Ross. "Isadora
Duncan's Russian Days & Her Last Years in France"P152.)"
during her performance at Symphony Hall, Boston, on Oct. 11 cause controversy
and the cancellation of her performances (e.g. the performace at the Church
of St. Mark's in the Bouwerie on Christmas Eve). Lunacharsky tells Schneider that the school has been crossed off the state
budget on Nov. 11.
Isadora goes on a tour with a pianist Max Rabinovitch from Nov. 22. They
have performances in Louisville, Kansas City, St. Louis, Memphis, Detroit,
Cleveland, Baltimore, Philadelphia.
The relationship between Isadora and Esenin is getting worse while they
are in the USA.
||Isadora has farewell performances at Carnegie Hall on Jan. 13 and 15. When
Isadora, Esenin and their maid, Jeanne, leave the USA for France with S.S.
George Washington at the end of Jan., Isadora says, "Goodbye America.
I shall never see you again ( Duncan, Irma. & Macdougall, Allan Ross.
P167.)." (At that time they had no money and had to borrow their fare
Isadora has performances at Torockadero, France on Mary 27 and June 3.
Her secretary, Jo Milward, and Raymond support her performances in France.
A Parisian chronicler, Michel-Georges-Michel (1883-1985) comes to see her performance on May 27. After the first performance, she has a reception with her friends. Then, Esenin causes a problem and is taken to Police. Isadora puts Esenin into a mental hospital the next day, and he stays there for a few days. After the second performance, Isadora and Esenin leave France for Germany.
Isadora and Esenin come back to Moscow on August 5. She has performances
in Kislovodsk, Baku, Tiflis, and Batoum in Russia in August. She meets
the President of the Caucasian Republic, Tovarish Eleava in Tiflis. In
Oct. she terminates her relationship with Esenin, but they do not officially
divorce. She dances to the music of Schubert's "Ave Maria" in
the first Octobrina Christening in Nov.
Isadora realizes that her school in Russia is running short of funds and
sends a letter to "The Washington Post" to tell her situation
on Dec. 14 (The letter was reproduced in "The Washington Post"
on Jan. 27, 1924).
||The leader of the Bolshevik party, Lenin, dies on Jan. 21. Isadora goes
to the Union House, where his body lay in state, and sees thousands of
griefsticken people. That inspires her to create two funeral marches for
Lenin; "Revolutionary Hymn" and "Funeral Song for the Revolutionary
Isadora goes on a Ukrainian tour with a musician Zinoviev in Feb. She has
a performance with the Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra in Leningrad in
May. After the performance in Witepsk, she has a car accident and says,
"I was at first in a daze and told myself that this must surely be
the end! I have always believed that my end would come in a motor accident
( Duncan, Irma. & Macdougall, Allan Ross. "Isadora Duncan's Russian
Days & Her Last Years in France": Pp240-241)." She has to
cancel performances in Leningrad due to the accident. She has performances
with a musician Mark Metchick in Kiev, Samara, Orenburg, Samarkand, Tashkent,
Ekaterinburg, and Vyatka from June to August. Isadora creates seven dances
"With Courage Comrades March in Step.," "One, Two, Three,
Pioneers Are We.," "The Young Guard.," "The Blacksmith
(Forging the Keys of Freedom)," "Dubinushka (A Work Song),"
"The Warshavianka (In Memory of 1905)," and "The Young Pioneers."(They
were ones of Isadora's last creations, and in addition to the dances for
the memory of Lenin, the pupils of Duncan School in Moscow danced them
all over Russia).
Isadora has her farewell performances at the Kamerny Theatre on Sept. 27
and 28 and at the Bolshoi Theatre on 29. Lunacharsky comes to the Bolshoi
Theatre to make a speech.
Isadora leaves Russia for Germany to solve her school's financial problem
at the end of Sept. Irma stays and keeps on teaching in Russia (the number
of pupils had been 500).
Isadora has performances at the Bluthner Saal.
||Isadora comes to Paris, France, in Jan. Isadora meets a Russian pianist
Victor Ilyitch Seroff (1902-1979) at the Montmartre studio of Mrs. Marvine, and later Isadora
One of the Isadorables, Margot, dies in Feb.
Isadora stays at Raymond's house in Nice (Raymond had carried on a flourishing
business in hand woven carpets and fabrics for dresses and draperies in
Isadora decides to publish her memoirs to solve her financial problem and
bring her pupils in Moscow to Paris (First she wanted to publish articles
about her dance, but nobody was interested in it).
In Fall, Isadora comes to Paris to open a school; a novelist and her old
secretary Andre Arnyvelde supports her plan (Isadora wanted to bring Russian
pupils to France). However, she gives up the idea and returns to Nice.
Elizabeth Duncan School moves to Klessheim Castle near Salzburg.
Esenin commits suicide at the hotel in Leningrad, where he stayed with
Isadora, on Dec. 27. After his death, Isadora sends a telegraph to the
press of Paris.
||Isadora has a plan to open a paying school in Nice to support her Russian
school. She has a performance at her studio called "Studio D'Isadora
Duncan" in Nice on Good Friday (The address of the studio was 343 Prom. Des Anglais, Nice France).
Anna has a perfomance at the Theatre Guild, NY on May 2.
Isadora has performances on Sept. 10 and 14 at her studio. While she dances
on Sept. 14, a French poet Jean Cocteau (1889-1963) reads "Mariees de la Tour Eiffel"and "Orphee" with Marcel Herrand (1897-1953).
Isadora receives notice from a Moscow court which tells that she is the heiress of Esenin's royalty from his poems (The amount was 300,000 francs at that time). However on Nov. 24, she decides not to inherit it although she has no money (she suggested that his fortune be given to his mother and sister). On Nov. 25, Isadora's property in Neuilly is seized by tax authorities.
Isadora's Russian pupils, including Irma, go on a China tour without Isadora's
permission, and that causes her anger.
||Isadora makes an agreement to publish her memoirs "My Life" through
W.A. Bradley in Jan. Isadora and her friends have a plan to buy back the
house in Neuilly. Isadora finishes writing (telling) her memoirs and plans
for her second book of memoirs "My Two Years in Bolshevik Russiah
(Her secretary Ruth Nickson takes dictation of her story).
Irma comes to Paris to see Isadora and goes back to Russia.
Isadora has her last performance at the Mogador Theater in Paris on July 8. She dances to Cesar Franck's "Redemption," Schubert's "Ave Maria," Wagner's "Tannhauser Overture," "Love-Death of Isolde,"etc.
Singer comes to see Isadora and offers financial support on Sept. 12.
Isadora is accidentally killed in an automobile accident, about 10-20 yards from her studio in Nice, at 9:40 pm on Wednesday, Sept. 14 (She was in a Bugatti driven by Benoit Falchetto in Nice. Before getting into the car, she said to her friend, Mery Desti, "Adieu, mes amis. Je vais a la gloire! (Good-bye, my friends, I am off to glory)."(Duncan, Irma. & Macdougall: P353.))
About 4000 people come to Isadora 's funeral ceremony, and her ashes are
buried in the columbarium of Pere Lachaise Cemetery, Paris, on Sept. 19.
Bardsley, Kay. "Isadora Duncan's First School: The First
Generation Founders of the Tradition" Dance Research Collage A Variety of
Subjects Embracing The Abstract and the Practical, Congress on Research in Dance Inc. 1979.
Blair, Fredrika. Isadora Portrait of the Artist as a Woman, McGraw-Hill Book Company, NY, 1986.
Bossche, Stefan. v.d. Jan van Nijlen, Lannoo Uitgeverij, Amsterdam, 2005
Centre national de la danse. Jules Grandjouan
Desti, Mary. Untold Story: The Life of Isadora Duncan, 1921-1927, The, Horace Liveright, NY, 1929.
Deutsches Tanzarchiv Koln. Isadora & Elizabeth Duncan in Germany, Wienand, Koln, 2000.
Drexel, Constance. "Isadora Duncan Declares Soviet Completely Abandons Her School" The Washington Post, Washington, D.C., Jan 27, 1924. PEA3, 1.
Duncan, Irma. Isadora Duncan, Pioneer in the Art of Dance, New York Public Library, NY, 1958.
Duncan, Irma. & Macdougall, Allan Ross. Isadora Duncan's Russian Days & Her Last Years in France, CoviciFriede, NY, 1929. Pp240-241. P353.
Duncan, Isadora. Cheney, Sheldon W. [Ed.] "Education and the Dance"
The Art of the Dance, Theater Art Inc./ Helen Hacket, Inc., NY, 1928. P88.
Duncan, Isadora. "Isadora Duncan's Solace", New York Times, N.Y,
Apr 29, 1913. P3.
Duncan, Isadora. My Life, Boni and Liveright, NY, 1927.
Fina, Pamela De. Maria Theresa Divine Being Guided by a Higher Order The Adopted Daughter of Isadora Duncan, Dorrance Publishing Co. Inc., PA, 2003.
Gedeon, Dienes. Gremlicova, Dorota. Lakhuti, Giv. Maya, Dienes. and Vitanyi, Ivan. Remembering -Isadora Duncan- Emlekkonyv, Mozdulatmuveszeti sorozat, Budapest, 2002.
Kurth, Peter. Isadora A Sensational Life, Little Brown and Company, Boston, NY, London, 2001.
Loewenthal, Lillian. Search for Isadora: The Legend & Legacy of Isadora Duncan, The, A Dance Horizons Book, NJ, 1993.
Los Angeles Times. Dancer Dies from Fall, Los Angeles, Los Angeles Times, Sep. 15, 1927.p 1. <New>
Los Angeles Times. Isadora Duncan at Mason Tonight, Los Angeles Times, Los Angeles, Dec. 4, 1917, p.II3.<New>
Merle, Linda. Welcome to the Mason/Merle Family Website. 2002.
Macdougall, Allan Ross. Isadora: A Revolutionary in Art and Love, Thomas Nelson, NY, 1960.
New York Times. Isadora Duncan in War Numbers. The New York Times Company, NY, April 25, 1917, p.13. <New>
Randaxhe, Yves. Rik Wouters "La Vierge Folle" (1912), Musee en Plein Air du Sart-Tilman
Ranneye Utro. Moscow, Jan. 9, 1908.
Rik Wouters (Mechelen 1882 - Amsterdam 1916)
Roslavleva, Natalia. Prechistenka 20: The Isadora Duncan Schools in Moscow (Dance Perspectives
64), Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY, 1975.
Slobodkina, Olga. My Dear Lori, Mar.4, 2006.
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